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梇懊輓б蓿衲痝夫區媯б蔥讕 婖傖3侚4夼

2019-05-25 08:07 懂埭ㄩ枆捅

﹛﹛梇懊輓б蓿衲痝夫區媯б蔥讕 婖傖3侚4夼

﹛﹛《綺情樓雜記》(足本)作者:喻血輪整理:眉睫出版:九州出版社這本書曾在2011年由長安出版社出版過,但內容遠不及此次出版的「足本」之多。羽戈在序言中說:「喻血輪寫《綺情樓雜記》那年,已經六十歲,且隨蔣氏父子逃亡台灣,身為逋客,回望家國,山川琳琅,日月光華,卻似夢中舊物。按說,其筆下應該風雨蒼茫,悲聲不絕如縷。然而,喻血輪如老驥伏櫪,依舊志在千里,烈士暮年,壯心不已。故國之思,黍離之悲,在喻氏筆下,卻化作堅忍一心、發揚蹈厲的風雷之氣,躍然紙上,直擊我的眼目,以至我讀其中章節,竟有淚涔涔。」不難看出,回憶往事的寫作,正是他對於鄉愁的寄託。李敖、錢歌川等人都提起過這部在台灣流傳多年的民國筆記。「整理者」說:「此後三十年,從未再版。」應該是指一九八三年之後而言的,其說法是台灣出版後,喻血輪有續作沒有收入集子。然而所謂「足本」的這本書,其實也刪去了《國民革命文獻之一》、《記夏鬥寅紙坊之役》、《孔庚榜門拒匪》三篇,《談盧作孚》、《拒俄之軍國民教育會》二篇的結尾部分也有刪減,不過「整理者」都把它們掛在了網上,抄錄補齊尚屬方便。對於這本書的定位也比較混亂,說它是「民國版世說新語」、「清末民國人物言行錄」等等都是不妥的,因為其中還有不少非民國的內容,倒不如說像麻辣火鍋,放進去的除了葷素之外,還有說不清道不明的各種配料。不過正如這本書內容的駁雜,讀者可以在雜亂中尋找覓寶的樂趣,其滋味也因為雜而多樣化。所以打亂了重組整理沒有意義,將原樣呈現給讀者,妥當與否應該讓讀者自己判斷豈不更好?而且還弄出了百樂門變成白藥門之類的錯誤,但不管怎麼說,書能夠出版總是一件好事。近年來,對於民國以來的知識分子研究領域不斷擴展,次要的歷史人物,乃至名不見經傳者也引起了關注,使得民國歷史以及民國時期知識分子群體形象,越來越呈現出立體的多元性。書中提供了不少別處沒有見過的新材料,讀後讓人產生這樣一種感覺,那就是僅僅幾個大人物,代表不了時代的歷史,甘心當個小人物,也未必不能成為英雄,而且這些人愈加令人敬佩。全書八百多篇短文,涉及歷史、文化、民俗、新聞、政治、軍事等多個領域。作為鴛鴦蝴蝶派代表的喻血輪說自己:「濫竽報界可二十年,沉浮政海亦二十年」,作為長期活躍於報界、政界的作者,對《漢口中西報》、《四民報》、《京報》、《湖北中山日報》等他任過主筆、編輯主任、總編輯的報紙,都有比較詳盡的介紹,為當今的讀者了解那個時代報刊讀者的文化品位,社會風尚等都提供了第一手資料。全書的內容雖然蕪雜,特別是一部分考證的內容如《卑左》、《「內子」與「內人」》、《寒山寺碑》等也都存在不全面和偏頗。「整理者」說:「個別內容與馮自由的《革命逸史》雷同,我們初步可以判斷是作者抄自馮著。」還說,這本書「不是一部正史範疇的回憶錄,而是『志人』體的筆記......作者未必真正做到『就事寫實』。恐怕讀者只好抱荂y姑妄言之姑聽之』的態度吧。」我卻覺得,這完全是作者作為報人,覺得有趣就有聞必錄的結果,比如洪承疇被沈百五打耳光,就與錢泳《履園叢話》中的故事幾乎沒有區別,如果他讀過《履園叢話》,就不會再寫了。歷史是不可重複的,而即便是官修的正史,也只能作為參考,所謂「全信書不如不讀書」,這是常識。然而,他親歷、親聞的那些內容,雖然看似過於雞毛蒜皮,卻正是這些吸引人的細節,使很多已知的乾巴巴的歷史人物,因此而變得趣味橫生,頓時有血有肉了。那些過於嚴肅背後隱藏的虛假,也被無情地曝光在了讀者面前,而且細節明白生動的敘述,不褒貶,不臧否,不隱惡,也不揚善,是非功過,讓讀者自己評論,這種低調樸實,甚至算不上學者的態度,卻深藏了大師氣概,是必須具有淡定而深沉修養的。我比較感興趣的有:後來成為南京國民政府司法院院長的居正等人,為了籌錢,居然密謀到廣濟縣偷金佛,往返三次,最終只弄斷金佛的胳膊;梅寶磯為激發革命而假傳革命黨名冊被寶善搜去之消息,促成打出武昌起義的第一槍;「老婆不借書不借」的葉德輝在書中夾藏春宮畫來防火;湯薌銘偷孫中山皮包......都是以前沒聽說過的。不能指望書都會給人一些教益,一本書如果能夠提供一些思想或者知識就不錯了,而這本書,就是一本不錯的書。■文:龔敏迪燴俶汒秞〞〞價插諒郤剕隙寥掛埭珂絞秏滅埜褶炾寰鳶ㄛ婬酕翋厥侘弗佬蟲籟畏遣騕蔥偶漟縚び壨遠搥棍漟蓒纂迭倣斯蓿黧嗣佴庈ч屾爛傖酗諒郤價華ㄛ滯赽蠅晞羲宎賸坻蠅腔菴珨棒帤懂眥珛极桄﹝

作者:上官鼎出版:時報文化上官鼎位居政府高層多年,觀察寫就逼真、科幻的政治諷刺小說。他跳脫過往武俠小說書寫風格,才見西漢太史令司馬遷為李陵戰敗辯護,觸怒漢武帝,筆鋒一轉,立刻穿越兩千年,場景跳接到現代的台北市辛亥路。一場意外離奇的車禍,讓資深政治新聞記者與警員開始尋找「阿飄」;警政高層甚至下令成立「獵飄行動小組」......來自高科技星球「塞美奇晶」的阿飄,飛行在台灣、美國與中國大陸,並引起美國五角大廈全面戒備,阿飄所到之處,最終揭露了國際間什麼樣的政治秘辛?酗蔬冪撳湍桵謹載岆傖峈盓傅笢弊⑹郖冪撳楷桯睿妗囥旮僅羲溫羲楷桵謹腔湮桵謹眳珨﹝

﹛﹛§10掁牲模翋炟炾輪す婓奻漆磁釬郪眽傖埜弊啋忑燴岈頗菴坋匐棒頗祜奻楷桶笭猁蔡趕ㄛ枑堤跪源猁樟哿婓※奻漆儕朸§硌竘狟ㄛょ陑衪薯凳膘奻磁郪眽韜堍僕肮极ㄛ荇腕頗部囀俋嫘滓玵活婓ㄡㄟㄠㄦ爛ㄨ堎撼俴腔唦瞳捚恀枙陝佴坢馨頗抶奻ㄛ塘蹕佴﹜芩嫉む睿畛檄湛傖珨祡ㄛ婓畛肅瞳眺吽脹華扢蕾ㄣ跺喳芼蔥撰⑹ㄛ甜蚕塘芩畛弊巖Е夤舷埜蛹孮潼諷礿鳶袨怓﹝

﹛﹛荎陝鎮絢眳桵ㄛ荎濂3毞涽蚚湮倰妀摒50嗣刳ㄛ衄虳摒硐婓瑤俴芴笢踡摹蜊蚾傖堍條摒﹜瓟埏摒﹝菴ㄛ樓辦楷桯腔陓洘趙秷夔趙ㄛ蔚觼游植陓洘嗽絢曹傖賸迵岍賜誑薊誑籵﹝

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﹛﹛§笢弊褪悝埏埏尪﹜濂岈褪悝埏炵苀馱最旃噶埏旃噶埜窇瘋ㄛ蔚馴壽源砃坶隅婓斐陔濂岈籵陓厙釐腔陔燴蹦陔源楊陔撮扲鍰郖ㄛ洷咡樓辦倛傖扂濂詢撮扲鍰郖腔黃杻蚥岊﹝

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﹛﹛文:湯禎兆日本對犯罪小說十分荌g,而當中對分屍情節更加鍾情眷戀,常有刻畫描寫。而在電視劇中,更往往透過一些法醫劇集,把分屍的處理視之為向法醫挑戰的難題之一。2018年剛完播的高收視劇《Unnatural》,由小魔女石原聰美飾演聰慧實幹的女法醫三澄,最終同樣要面對連環殺人犯的分屍手段,可見幾已成為定則的方程式。其實日本的推理小說家與分屍主題,可說一直屬互為表裡,難以割裂。就以日本推理小說之父江戶川亂步為例,現實中在32年發生的玉之井分屍事件恰好一大明證。當時玉之井之著名的風月之地,結果在附近的累齒川內發現一具壯碩的男屍,被分成八塊,由於推斷死者是強壯的體力勞動者,因此對行兇者的身份大為緊張,而江戶川亂步更曾因時常在小說中有分屍情節,於是被警方邀請去諮詢,簡言之就是犯罪專家顧問的身份去提供意見。而江戶川亂步的小說如《一寸法師》、《蜘蛛男》及《魔術師》等,均曾有分屍情節出現,他也曾因此被人舉報是犯罪者,氣得他一度封筆。由此可見,分屍與推理小說密不可分的關係。在其後的小說範疇,好多時候聰明的推理小說作家,往往以分屍作為聳人聽聞的切入手段,但經營下去卻借此帶來更深邃的反思。就以西澤保彥的《解體諸因》為例,開宗明義正是以分屍為主軸,從而寫成一系列的連作短篇。各個短篇中,出現了不同的分屍情況,有分成六塊甚至被鎖上手銬,又有因中毒後再被分成廿四塊,亦有在極短時間內被分屍的情況等等,簡言之可說是分屍圖鑑大全,滿足了好此道的癖好。最終章再把以上案件再加以統一扯上關連,成就首尾自足的世界來。有趣的是,《解體諸因》一點也不恐怖,正如上文所云,作者的目的志不在分屍的殘酷細節上,而是集中在動機上的探索,既深入地去發掘犯人背後的內心世界,從而道出人性的陰暗面,另外也牽引出分屍作為方法上的必要性,令到篇章的推理性得以成立。另一本著名的分屍小說,就是桐野夏生的《OUT主婦殺人事件》,四名普通女子在便當工廠上夜班,卻陰差陽錯地合成一夥,完成一宗分屍案後,甚至以此作家庭代工,以賺取高額報酬,設計上可說是非常匪夷所思。如果說《解體諸因》是從推理小說的本格元素入手構思,那麼《OUT主婦殺人事件》顯然就是社會寫實派的路線──殺人分屍不過屬手段,目的在於如何如剝洋b般,把低下階層的婦女生活上的窘局,加上仔細呈現,而再串連到不得不走上犯罪之路上的刻畫來。三十四歲的山本彌生、四十三歲的香取雅子、五十七歲的吾妻良江及三十三歲的城之內邦子,可說是桐野夏生筆下故意設定出來的日本女性寫照─她們既有認真勤奮過活的,也有虛華不實的,但無論如何在現實生活中,總是找不到出路,更往往因為身邊的男人問題,而一步一步陷入更深的泥沼中去。此所以小說中的分屍情景,表面上好像殘酷乖張,但桐野夏生正好借此作為對照,如何分屍是不為世人接受的「非法職業」,那麼現實中四名女性的人生,早已被「分屍」至支離破碎的局面,為何人間卻沒有異議?當中的荒謬性,可說呼之欲出。此所以手段可以層出不窮,正如分屍時至今天,可能聳人聽聞的程度已大為減退,但背後寄託的深意,始終才是動人的關鍵元素所在。

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孮晤ㄩ
E-mail lunthesis@163.com Phone 0551-65179860-203
Weather Forecast :

Female Welder Lights up Male-Dominated Industry

Pub Date:17-05-05 09:24 Source:China Daily
濂苺岆扂濂補窒汜酗腔埭芛睿侘齬隒礸躉驧堧皈睅勦膘扢笢撿衄價插俶﹜姥笢唌A絳俶釬蚚﹝

One woman's nearly 30-year career has given the field a new image

Forty-six-year-old Huang Chunyan has one of the more unusual jobs among other women of her age in Lu'an, Anhui province - she is a senior welder at Brainware Chang'an Electronics.

Huang picked up her first welding torch nearly 30 years ago, but it was not an easy introduction. "Welding was such hard and dirty work," she said.

During a time when graduates were given assigned jobs, Huang was offered her position as a welder after graduating from a vocational-technical school at the age of 19.

In a labor intensive field that used to be dominated by men, Huang was lucky to have a female senior welder to teach her the ropes.

"I told myself that if she could do it, so could I," Huang said.

As a novice, she often burned her arms as she practiced her welding skills.

"When I burned myself, I thought that perhaps it was not a job for women."

But Huang was not born to be a quitter, and she persevered.

"I gritted my teeth, carried on and gradually got used to the pain," she said.

Huang believes that welders, male or female, require physical and mental strength.

"Squatting for long hours, and standing and holding the torch steady are mentally and physically challenging tasks that every welder must endure," she said.

She spent hours conditioning herself by squatting in her spare time. Every morning, she would be the first to arrive at the workshop, gathering scrap material to practice her skills.

"Welding is more than just tough manual labor," she said. "It requires you to use your intellect to develop ways to improve the efficiency and quality of your work."

Huang's tenacity and commitment to learning, practicing and paying attention to detail soon made her stand out.

In 1992, two years after starting her job, Huang took part in a local welding competition, winning first prize.

In the following years, she entered numerous contests and won several prizes.

In 2015, she was presented with the National Model Worker award along with 2,967 other workers across the country.

The prize, one of the most highly regarded national honors for workers, is granted by the State Council, China's Cabinet, every five years.

"The awards have given me a sense of achievement and helped to boost my confidence," Huang said.

Summer is usually the most testing time for Huang, as the company receives a large number of orders and the temperature is "unbearable".

Brainware Chang'an Electronic makes electronic equipment, navigation radars and shelter power stations for national defense construction.

The temperature at the workshop can top 40 C in the summer as there are no air-conditioners or fans due to safety reasons.

Workers, dressed in thick protective overalls, "sweat so much that they saturate their clothing," Huang said.

In addition to the heat, being exposed to the bright light involved in welding - despite wearing a full-face helmet - has caused Huang's eyesight to deteriorate.

The brightness leads to a condition called arc eye, in which ultraviolet light causes the inflammation of the cornea and burns the retina.

"My eyes often itch at night, and it feels as if there are grains of sand in them," Huang said.

She takes comfort in knowing that if, one day, she is no longer able to weld, her knowledge and expertise will continue to thrive.

In 2010, she was appointed leader of a 13-member welding lab that the company set up to promote technical innovation and exchanges.

"I have never kept my knowledge and expertise to myself," Huang said. "What belongs to me also belongs to everybody in the company."

She is renowned for her generosity as well as her strictness. "It takes guts to be my trainee," she said. "Some younger workers avoid me when they see me."

"I'm strict for their own good, so they can learn better and faster," she said in her typically succinct manner.

Huang's first disciple, Zhang Yin, has been learning from her for 12 years. The 34-year-old man is now a welding leader at the company.

Zhang said that Huang is sometimes harsh, but that she means well. "It was under her guidance that I made the greatest progress, so I am very grateful," he said.

Looking back on her career of nearly three decades, Huang said it is hard to say whether it was the job that made her determined to succeed or whether she was born with the fortitude to be a welder.

"It's a good job; and it's not just a man's job either," she said.

Editor:Will

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